How to write a caption

Essential question: How can you write a short but informative caption?

If you remember one thing – it’s the five W’s and 1 H:

Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How.

There are a few things to remember to make sure you write a caption that complements your photo:

– Check your facts: make sure you know what the subject of the photo is and where it was taken. Also make sure you know who to credit for it.

– Don’t just state the obvious. Point something out that the viewer doesn’t know already.

– Make it brief. You can skip words like a and the at the beginning of the caption, and don’t add too much detail.

– Identify main people in the photo.

– Be as specific as possible.

– Use the present tense.

N.B. Make sure, if you are using photos from the internet, that you credit the photographer at the end of your caption. E.g. Central Trujillo under water. Courtesy of

We are going to use the following documents in class to practice this skill:

  1. Writing Captions – Look at this powerpoint presentation and try the six practice examples.
  2. Write the Caption Worksheet – Try writing some short captions for these photos – remember the 5 W’s and 1 H – Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How.
  3. Caption-Writing-Exercise_one photo for 3 caption practice – Write 3 different captions for this photo with the information you are given and choose your best one.
  4. Caption-Writing-Exercise_Two photos for practice – Write a caption for each photo, with the information you are given.
  5. Easy-as-ABCD_How To tips – Read this for tips on writing more complex captions.
  6. Blank caption for practice – Finally, write a caption for this photo using all the tips you have learnt.


Here are some more tips.


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